A new Kingdom of Romania? Very unlikely, says analystWritten by Marius Benta
After the traumas left by a long political war in 2012, Romania celebrates on 1st January, 2013 her seventh birthday as an EU member, and prepares for a constitutional reform.
Two days before this celebration, on 30th December, is commemorated a rather sad moment in the history of Romania: 65 years since King Michael was forced by the Soviet-backed power to abdicate, and leave Romania to a totalitarian darkness that ruled for more than four decades.
Today, the birth of the communist state is considered an illegitimate event by Romanians. However, the abdication act has never been abolished officially by the post-communist authorities in Romania.
The leaders of USL (the Social-Liberal Union), the coalition that won the parliamentary elections on 9th December, 2012, have made it clear that the fundamental law will need to be changed in Romania. However, there is a lot of confusion as to what exactly is to be changed.
Several themes have been mentioned in hectic debates: Creating regions as EU NUTS 2 territorial units, transferring a certain amount of power between the President and the Parliament, and replacing the republican form of government with a constitutional monarchy.
Political analyst Cristian Ivanes believes that monarchy could give Romania better chances in her future as an EU country, but finds it very unlikely that the country will ever become a monarchy again.
'If you look into the Romanian past, you can see very good experiences in the time of King Carol I, and very bad experiences in the time of King Carol II. But I think Romania will remain a republic, with all the problems and benefits of this form of governance. The main thing to define is whether we want to be a presidential republic or a parliamentary republic. I think it would be very beneficial for us to limit the powers of the President of the republic, and extend the powers of the Parliament as it is in Hungary, Poland, or the Czech Republic. We had a very unfortunate totalitarian past...'
Cristian Ivanes holds a PhD in Modern European History from the University of Memphis, TN, USA. He currently works as a broadcasting journalist with Radio Romania Cluj, where he hosts the daily debate show Fata-n fata (Face-To-Face), and runs a personal blog. You can watch the whole interview with him below or by following this link.